Saturday, June 22, 2024

25 Winter Mountain climbing Ideas for Staying Heat and Protected within the Snow – Bearfoot Principle


As the times get shorter and the climate will get colder, it’s straightforward to lose the motivation to get exterior. It’s not as easy to go outside in winter as it’s within the hotter months when you’ll be able to simply throw in your sneakers and hit the path.

However, with a shift in your mindset and these winter mountaineering suggestions, mountaineering in winter is definitely actually enjoyable and might even increase your temper and enhance your psychological well being. Spending the final 7 winters in Utah, I’ve personally discovered winter mountaineering to be an effective way to remain lively and wholesome in the course of the darker months after I would possibly in any other case really feel inclined to hunker down in entrance of the television.

Whether or not you’re winter’s greatest fan or not, I need you to really feel snug getting exterior and having fun with all 4 seasons. Listed here are my greatest winter mountaineering suggestions and really useful winter mountaineering gear for staying lively and getting exterior within the snow!

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Primary Winter Mountain climbing Ideas

Mountain climbing in winter requires extra planning than a daily mountaineering tour as a result of you might want to take additional security precautions to arrange for the cruel parts. Listed here are some primary suggestions for getting began with mountaineering within the snow.

1. Search for winter path situations

When selecting the place to go winter mountaineering, one of many first belongings you’ll must do is lookup present path situations. Many trailheads should not accessible in winter, so that you’ll need to be sure you can get there safely in your automobile.

You’ll want to examine snow situations and climate earlier than leaving the home as nicely. If it’s a blizzard with poor visibility, it will increase your probabilities of getting misplaced…so perhaps it’s not the very best day to go mountaineering. When doubtful, don’t exit.

The path situations can even decide what kind of winter mountaineering gear you want. If the path is well-traveled with hard-packed snow, you’ll be able to hike in winter mountaineering boots and a pair of microspikes. If the path isn’t compacted, then you might want snowshoes to keep away from sinking into the snow.

Women on a winter hike in Golden BC Women on a winter hike in Golden BC
Understanding the path and climate situations will dictate what kind of drugs you want on a winter hike

You’ll additionally need to concentrate on avalanche situations. That is of specific concern within the Western US, and it’s not solely backcountry skiers that fall sufferer. Learn to the top of this submit the place I share some particular suggestions for avoiding avalanche hazard.

2. Get an early begin

Set your alarm! Daytime are shorter in winter, so hit the path early to keep away from being out at midnight (which is generally is a lot extra harmful within the winter than in the summertime). Winter mountaineering additionally takes longer than summer time mountaineering – you have a tendency to maneuver slower and encounter extra obstacles. By beginning early, your threat of a aggravating scenario is minimized.

3. Have a dependable navigation instrument (and a backup)!

For mountaineering in snow, I recommend you convey an excellent map, compass, and GPS machine. Snowpack can cover the path and path markers making it simpler to get misplaced. You’ll need to listen and know the way to keep away from getting off-track.

Whereas a paper map is greatest, I do know that realistically most individuals (myself included) are inclined to depend on their telephones for day hikes. Earlier than starting your winter hike, be sure you obtain any maps and routes to your telephone so you should utilize them offline. That manner if you might want to, you’ll be able to put your telephone into airplane mode to preserve your battery and nonetheless entry your maps.

Utilizing a compass to search out my manner on a winter hike in Salt Lake

Additionally, digital gadgets are inclined to go lifeless shortly in chilly temperatures, so in the event you plan to make use of your telephone for navigation, be ready by bringing additional batteries/battery packs and attempt to maintain your gadgets heat. You’ll additionally need some kind of backup for navigation, similar to a GPS or or Garmin Watch with preloaded topo maps, so that you aren’t relying solely in your telephone.

4. Carry a communication machine

Relying on how far you’re out within the backcountry, you might not have cell service. My high winter mountaineering tip (and actually a tip for anybody who spends time exterior) is to put money into a Garmin inReach Mini 2-way satellite tv for pc communicator. This enables for 2-way texts and provides you the flexibility to name for assist in case of an damage, an avalanche, or in the event you get misplaced.

Garmin inReach Mini // Learn our top winter hiking tips to keep you toasty and safe on cold winter hikes. Learn how to layer, pack warm gear, stay hydrated & more.Garmin inReach Mini // Learn our top winter hiking tips to keep you toasty and safe on cold winter hikes. Learn how to layer, pack warm gear, stay hydrated & more.

5. Inform somebody your mountaineering plans

Whereas that is vital all 12 months spherical, a key winter mountaineering tip is to inform somebody your mountaineering plans. If one thing have been to go fallacious, this might be your lifeline to assist. Your mountaineering plan ought to embrace when you find yourself beginning and while you plan to complete your hike (and be again in cell service), the trailhead, your route, and who you’re mountaineering with. Once you wrap up your hike, ship that particular person a fast textual content and allow them to know you’re off the path.

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What to Put on Winter Mountain climbing

The important thing to consolation when mountaineering within the winter is staying heat AND dry. Should you begin to sweat and are carrying the fallacious materials, you’ll find yourself moist and chilly. This implies you’ll need to keep away from cotton and go for baselayers that wick moisture and are quick-drying as an alternative. Under are some ideas on what I put on for winter mountaineering.

6. Costume in layers

What to put on on high

When mountaineering in chilly climate, it is best to have 3 layers on high plus a neck hotter. These are my go-to’s:

I’ve obtained all of my winter layers on throughout this chilly winter hike in British Columbia

What to put on on backside

On the underside, you’ve obtained some choices. If it’s actually chilly or snowing, you’ll need to think about carrying a base layer and a water-proof layer over it. You possibly can even put on ski pants. In any other case, a pair of fleece leggings will do the trick, maintaining you heat and comfy.

I share further suggestions for ladies’s winter mountaineering attire right here.

Kristen looking back at camera on snowy hike with mountains in backgroundKristen looking back at camera on snowy hike with mountains in background

7. Regulate layers as typically as wanted

On the uphill sections of your winter hike, it’s vital to delayer in the event you begin to get sweaty. All of that moisture will ultimately make you chilly while you get to the highest and it’s time to return downhill. The identical goes for including a layer as quickly as you begin to get chilly.

It might appear to be a ache within the butt to consistently cease so as to add or take off a layer, however being proactive in regulating your physique temperature will make sure you keep dry and comfy all through your hike.

8. Hold your extremities protected

After I hike uphill in winter, I discover my fingers run heat, and I can typically hike with none gloves on. However as quickly as I flip round and hike down, my fingers get chilly once more. Out of the entire areas in your physique, your fingers are one of the vital susceptible to frostbite. That is why it’s vital to at all times pack a pair of gloves, even in the event you don’t assume you’ll want them.

Woman on winter hike wearing gloves, a teal puffy, hat and a backpackWoman on winter hike wearing gloves, a teal puffy, hat and a backpack

I like to recommend gloves which have touchscreen functionality. That manner you don’t must take them off to make use of your telephone to navigate or to take pictures. Ideally, you additionally need your gloves to supply water resistance in case they get snow on them.

North Face etip glovesNorth Face etip gloves

9. Pack a beanie AND a baseball cap

You lose a major quantity of warmth by way of the highest of your head. Carrying a hat is among the most vital winter mountaineering tricks to retain your physique warmth. It additionally retains your ears protected against the wind. Even in the event you don’t assume you’ll want one, it’s sensible to hold one in your pack simply in case.

And whereas I’m a sucker for a cute beanie with a pom on high, it’s most sensible to convey a easy beanie that packs down small and doesn’t take up an excessive amount of room in your bag for while you don’t want it.

I additionally at all times pack a standard baseball cap. On the uphill stretches, I simply overheat if I’m carrying a beanie, so I’ll swap it out for a baseball cap to maintain the solar off my face. Talking of the solar….

10. Use solar safety

Whereas sunscreen won’t be the very first thing you seize while you’re getting ready for a hike within the snow, you’ll need to lather up. Snow can mirror as much as 90% of UV rays and might trigger fairly potent sunburns in the event you’re not cautious.

Earlier than you begin your hike, apply sunscreen to your face, ears, and another a part of your physique that’s uncovered. Don’t miss the underside of your nostril close to your nostrils – a spot that’s infamous for burning because of reflection off the snow and is simple to miss. I additionally like to use chapstick with SPF to keep away from cracked and sunburnt lips.

Lastly, convey an excellent pair of polarized shades that present full protection for the areas round your eyes.

Sun shades and a hat have been vital to guard our faces from the intense solar on this snowy hike in Idaho

11. Say no to cotton socks

Should you occur to get snow in your boots, cotton socks will trigger your ft to remain moist and chilly for the rest of your hike. You might even get blisters. As an alternative of cotton, go for wool socks that insulate even when moist. My absolute favourite socks are made by Darn Powerful Vermont. For winter mountaineering, you’ll desire a lengthy, thick pair, however not so cumbersome that your boots really feel too comfortable.

Women on a winter hike in Mount Fernie Provincial ParkWomen on a winter hike in Mount Fernie Provincial Park
I put on lengthy wool socks that attain above the cuff of my boots

12. Put on insulated mountaineering boots

You might be tempted to put on your regular mountaineering boots on a winter hike. If it’s chilly, however there’s no snow, then that probably might be fantastic. Nevertheless, in case you are mountaineering in snowy terrain, you’ll thank your self for getting a pair of insulated ladies’s winter mountaineering boots. Like your fingers, toes are additionally susceptible to frostbite, and when you get frostbite, it’s more likely to be a repeat offender. So for me, having a winter particular mountaineering boot that can final me a number of seasons is well worth the expense.

Kristen crouched down next to dog on snowy trail in Utah wearing winter hiking gearKristen crouched down next to dog on snowy trail in Utah wearing winter hiking gear
Carrying my Oboz Bridger Insulated Mountain climbing Boots on a snowy hike close to Park Metropolis, Utah

I personally put on the Oboz Bridger Insulated Mountain climbing Boots (males’s winter Bridger boots right here). The ladies’s (7″ cuff) and males’s (8″ cuff) have 200g of Thinsulate, and the insoles incorporate a thermal layer high and a mylar backside to additional insulate your ft from the chilly. The outsole can also be designed to offer grip in icy and snowy situations. You’ll nonetheless doubtlessly need microspikes (extra on that in a sec), however a winter mountaineering boot’s beefy lugs offers you extra confidence than your common ol’ summer time mountaineering sneakers.

Want extra suggestions? Try my submit on the greatest ladies’s winter mountaineering boots.

13. Use gaiters to stop snow from getting in your sneakers

Should you’ll be traversing throughout ungroomed snow, put on a pair of gaiters to stop snow from getting inside your boots. They simply clip on by working a strap beneath your shoe, making a barrier to entry for snow falling into your sneakers. Gaiters will assist maintain your socks and ankles dry, maintaining your ft hotter as you winter hike.

Outdoor Research Men's Crocodile GORE-TEX GaitersOutdoor Research Men's Crocodile GORE-TEX Gaiters

Hike on Icy and Snowy Trails

So you bought your winter layers down. Now I’ll cowl the vital winter mountaineering gear that makes it simpler to hike on ice and snow.

14. Contemplate whether or not you want snowshoes

This winter mountaineering tip I realized the laborious manner. Lugging snowshoes round could appear to be a ache, however snowshoes are available in very useful for mountaineering in snow. A few years in the past, Ryan and I have been in Fernie, British Columbia on a Powder Freeway highway journey. We rented snowshoes at a neighborhood store and ready for a enjoyable day exterior.

As soon as we obtained to the trailhead, we took a take a look at the path, and in opposition to the recommendation of the store staff, we determined we didn’t want the snowshoes. We left them within the automobile and set out. At first, it was fantastic. The path was agency, however not icy, and we have been pleased with our selection.

However as soon as we obtained simply far sufficient from our automobile, the path began to get softer. Earlier than we knew it, we have been post-holing (sinking down into the snow with every step) like loopy, and Ryan really ended up actually hurting his knee. The hike ended up taking without end and will have doubtlessly ruined the remainder of our journey. By no means once more!

After all you don’t want snowshoes on each winter hike, however in the event you plan to take the path much less traveled – one which isn’t plowed or packed down because of foot visitors – snowshoes are extraordinarily useful. And the excellent news is, they’re manner lighter and extra environment friendly than they was once.

Snowshoeing in my native Wasatch Mountains close to Salt Lake Metropolis

Snowshoes are gentle and broad frames that connect to your shoe, best for mountaineering on deep snow. By rising the floor space of your ft, you’re in a position to float on high of the snow with out sinking in too deep.

When selecting a pair of snowshoes, you’ll need one thing designed for the terrain and situations that you just usually encounter on a winter hike. For tender, deep snow, you’ll desire a longer snowshoe, whereas a shorter snowshoe is ideal in the event you usually persist with densely packed trails.

Should you’re in search of an all-around versatile snowshoe that’s environment friendly on the paths, however can nonetheless carry out in deeper snow, the MSR EVO Ascent Snowshoes are a fantastic selection. At 22″ lengthy, they gained’t make you are feeling clumsy on consolidated snow, and if you find yourself spending numerous time off-trail, MSR sells some add-on tails that stretch the size for improved floatation.

You’ll need to pair your snowshoes with a set of trekking poles with interchangeable ski baskets so while you plant the pole, it doesn’t sink into the snow.

For extra on snowshoeing, see my information to Snowshoeing 101.

15. Use microspikes or crampons when the path is icy

Winter mountaineering typically means you would possibly encounter ice on the path, and microspikes can add an enormous quantity of traction to stop slipping, particularly on trails the place snowshoes are overkill.

Microspikes are fabricated from chains and tiny spikes that slip on over your boots. The Yaktrax Professional Traction microspikes are cheap, they usually make a world of a distinction.

Photo of woman's feet wearing microspikes on boots on winter hike through snow and icePhoto of woman's feet wearing microspikes on boots on winter hike through snow and ice
Should you’ll be mountaineering on icy trails, microspikes may also help stop slipping

Should you want one thing beefier for steeper terrain, crampons are a bit extra sturdy with greater spikes that grip into ice, making them particularly useful on steep, slick inclines. It’s good to have the ability to pop these on and off while you want them as a result of they add some weight to the shoe and aren’t that snug to stroll usually on.

The Petzel Leonard FL Crampons are good entry-level crampons which might be light-weight and straightforward to connect and take away out of your winter boots.

Petzl Leopard FL CramponPetzl Leopard FL Crampon

16. Keep off frozen lakes and rivers

It’s very laborious to inform how thick the ice is over frozen lakes and rivers, so keep off the ice and away from our bodies of water when mountaineering in winter. When mountaineering in chilly climate, it’s at all times greatest to play it protected.

Different Winter Mountain climbing Ideas

You’ll be extra snug staying lively outside in the course of the winter when you’ve got acceptable winter layers for mountaineering as I shared above. However, there are further steps you’ll be able to take to remain heat that may make an enormous distinction in your means to manage your temperature.

17. Deliver a heat drink in a thermos

Certainly one of my favourite winter mountaineering suggestions is to replenish an insulated thermos, like this 20oz Stanley Set off Motion Mug , together with your favourite sizzling beverage. Sizzling cocoa, cider, chai tea, and even soup broth is nice for fast sips to heat you up on the path.

Stanley 20 oz. Trigger Action Vacuum MugStanley 20 oz. Trigger Action Vacuum Mug

Whereas I most likely don’t must say it, go with out alcohol on cold-weather hikes as alcohol reduces your physique temperature. You possibly can take pleasure in that sizzling toddy when you’re again at residence!

18. Keep hydrated

Dehydration expedites the onset of hypothermia, so keep hydrated. Should you really feel thirsty, it’s time to drink up. Even higher in the event you throw in some electrolytes (Nuun Tablets are a straightforward, tasty repair for replenishing your electrolytes).

On 99% of my hikes, I exploit a hydration reservoir to make it straightforward for me to drink water with out stopping. The issue with utilizing a hydration reservoir on winter hikes is that if it’s chilly sufficient, the water within the hose can freeze (or on the very least, the water could provide you with mind freeze).

To fight this, you’ll be able to both replenish your reservoir with heat water or you should utilize an insulated hydration reservoir that can stop your water from icing up.

CamelBak StoAway 2L Insulated ReservoirCamelBak StoAway 2L Insulated Reservoir

19. Select sunnier trails

In the summertime months, you need to select shady trails to keep away from the blazing solar. Within the winter, it’s the other. For winter mountaineering, strive to decide on a path that will get some first rate solar publicity. Thick evergreen forests are going to be rather a lot colder than a forest the place the leaves have dropped and the solar can penetrate or a path that traverses extra open terrain.

Keep in mind that the solar units fairly early in winter (normally by 5pm in most locations within the US)! As quickly because the solar drops behind the mountains and the path turns into shady, temperatures can drop considerably.

Should you plan on catching the sundown, we advocate not being too removed from the trailhead and ensuring to pack additional layers.

Person hiking on snowy trail through aspen trees as sun drops down over snowy mountain ridgePerson hiking on snowy trail through aspen trees as sun drops down over snowy mountain ridge

20. Select trails with some uphill

Similar to climbing stairs, the uphill sections of your winter hikes will get your coronary heart pumping. This helps to extend your circulation and lift your inside physique temperature, which can maintain you good and toasty. That is particularly useful in the event you begin your hike within the early morning when the temps are actually chilly and the solar isn’t out but.

Should you do get sweaty on the uphill sections, it’s vital to put on sweat-wicking, quick-drying base layers and delayer earlier than you get too moist.

Man and two dogs at the base of Wapta Falls in Yoho National Park on a snowy winter dayMan and two dogs at the base of Wapta Falls in Yoho National Park on a snowy winter day
Uphill sections will aid you keep heat, particularly if the solar isn’t out, like today we hiked to Wapta Falls in British Columbia

21. Deliver easy-to-eat snacks

Exercising in winter burns extra energy as a result of your physique burns energy in its efforts to remain heat. Staying nourished on the path is a crucial winter mountaineering tip, and I recommend you pack snacks which might be excessive in protein and carbs to provide you vitality.

It’s vital that the snacks you convey for mountaineering on snow are fast and straightforward to eat whereas on the transfer. Depart the sandwich fixings and picnic at residence. You need to make your lunch cease fast since your muscle tissues must work more durable to heat up once more. Try my roundup of the very best straightforward mountaineering snacks for concepts.

Another choice if you wish to eat one thing heat is to make some soup, chili, or mac and cheese at residence. Throw it in a thermos and pack your favourite spork for a fast pick-me-up.

Having fun with some vegan mac and cheese in my Hydroflask thermos on a winter hike in Utah

Security Ideas for Winter Mountain climbing

Security is the primary precedence at Bearfoot Principle as a result of it ensures that you just, your folks, and everybody else can have an excellent time exterior with fewer worries.

22. Have a winter mountaineering security plan

Mountain climbing in snow at all times begins with a stable security plan. Listed here are a number of vital tricks to comply with:

  • Should you’re in a bunch, base the plan on the least skilled/ready particular person.
  • All the time inform somebody your plan: the place you’re headed, your estimated return time, who you’ll be with, and many others.
  • Be ready for worse climate than the forecast requires, simply in case.
  • Be life like about your targets. Should you’re new to winter mountaineering, begin small so you’ll be able to acquire confidence in your ability set earlier than you deal with more difficult trails
  • Be sure you are snug utilizing any technical winter mountaineering gear you convey (like a beacon)
  • Have a hard-set flip round time that you’re dedicated to starting your return to your automobile. That manner you don’t get caught out after darkish
Man and two dogs on a winter sunset hike in Fernie British ColumbiaMan and two dogs on a winter sunset hike in Fernie British Columbia
On this hike, we caught to our turn-around time so we might get again to our automobile earlier than it obtained darkish

23. Pack the ten necessities

When you could depart a few of these at residence in the summertime, in winter, you actually need to pack the ten Necessities for Mountain climbing. The implications of a mishap can exponentially enhance in the event you don’t have the right security gear. Whereas I’ve lined a few of these objects within the earlier winter mountaineering suggestions, right here’s the total listing of the ten Mountain climbing Necessities as a refresher.

  1. Navigation
  2. Headlamp
  3. Solar safety – sunscreen, hat, sun shades
  4. First Support Package
  5. Knife/Multitool
  6. Option to begin a hearth
  7. Shelter/emergency bivy
  8. Further meals
  9. Further water
  10. Further layers

In contrast to summer time when you will get away with a 10-15 liter day pack, in winter, it is best to plan to convey a bigger mountaineering pack that may match the entire 10 mountaineering necessities. The Osprey Tempest is one in all my favourite daypacks for mountaineering (the lads’s model is the Osprey Talon). If you’re mountaineering in avalanche terrain, a backcountry ski pack particularly can have a pocket that makes it straightforward to entry your shovel and probe.

24. Know the indicators of hypothermia

Hypothermia happens when your physique’s core temperature decreases to a degree by which regular muscular and cerebral features are impaired. Hypothermia can have an effect on your means to assume clearly in addition to your means to evacuate shortly to security.

Earlier than you go mountaineering in winter, it’s vital that you understand the warning indicators and are in a position to acknowledge them in the event you or a good friend begin to present signs of hypothermia. 

Situations That Can Result in Hypothermia:

  • Chilly temperatures
  • Improper clothes and gear for altering climate situations
  • Wetness
  • Fatigue, exhaustion, dehydration, insufficient meals consumption
  • Alcohol consumption expands your blood vessels which might lead to elevated warmth loss

Signs of Hypothermia:

  • Uncontrollable or violent shivering
  • Slurred speech or incapability to speak
  • Fumbling or feeling torpid

You possibly can learn extra info on treating and stopping hypothermia right here.

25. Know (about avalanche dangers) earlier than you go

“Know Earlier than You Go” is a standard saying in avalanche coaching programs, and it’s precisely that – know the avalanche situations earlier than you head out. Whereas this doesn’t apply all over the place, it’s definitely vital out West the place slopes are steep and may be susceptible to sliding.

A important winter mountaineering tip when planning to hike within the snow is to do your analysis, keep away from avalanche terrain, and keep residence on high-risk days. Your greatest supply of data is the native avalanche forecasting workplace or the close by Ranger Station.

Avalanches aren’t simply one thing backcountry skiers want to concentrate on. Anybody who’s spending time within the mountains in winter ought to take the time to grasp some avalanche fundamentals so you’ll be able to keep away from unknowingly mountaineering on or beneath high-risk avalanche terrain.

Ryan and I took an AIARE 1 – Degree 1 Avalanche Coaching course in 2021 to higher perceive avalanche dangers

The two main kinds of avalanches are unfastened snow and slab. Free-snow avalanches can happen in moist or dry snow, starting close to the floor and gathering extra snow as they slide. Slab avalanches, just like the one pictured beneath, happen when a complete shelf of snow breaks free and slides down the mountain – these are probably the most deadly.

Skiers on snowy slope above slab avalanche Skiers on snowy slope above slab avalanche
That is an instance of a slab avalanche, the place a complete hillside slides

Avalanches are the results of a mixture of 4 various factors: a steep slope over 30 levels, snowpack and climate situations, a weak layer within the snow, and a set off. Triggers may be pure, similar to wind, or human brought about.

Whereas we don’t have management over terrain or situations, we do have management over ourselves. So, it’s crucial that you just and your mountaineering companions perceive the following pointers for avalanche security so that you keep away from placing your self in peril.

  • Test situations earlier than going. Avalanche.org is a dependable web site that hyperlinks to native forecasting places of work across the US. Earlier than you propose to hike within the snow, it is a good place to begin to verify snow situations are steady.
  • Simply since you see footprints or different individuals on a path doesn’t imply it’s protected.
  • Don’t take dangers in the case of mountaineering in snow. Plan your route earlier than you permit the home with a view to keep away from mountaineering on or beneath terrain that’s susceptible to sliding.
  • Group considering can cloud your judgment belief your intestine. If one thing doesn’t really feel/appear proper, communicate up. Communication is essential.
  • It’s okay to show round earlier than reaching your objective vacation spot. Many accidents occur when individuals forego their higher judgment as a result of they’re too dedicated to reaching the objective.

Whereas not vital for mellow winter trails, in the event you plan to incessantly hike round steeper winter terrain the place avalanches are attainable, it is best to put money into avalanche gear. This features a beacon, probe, and shovel.

A beacon is a important piece of backcountry winter mountaineering gear that enables search and rescuers to search out you in the event you have been ever in an avalanche. It’s also possible to use a beacon to search out others who’re buried by an avalanche in the event that they too are carrying a beacon.

A probe is a instrument that permits you to pinpoint the situation of somebody who has been buried by an avalanche, and the shovel is the way you dig them out. Should you do get a beacon, probe, and shovel, learn to use these instruments and get actually snug with them earlier than venturing into the backcountry.

After studying this entire information filled with winter mountaineering suggestions, I hope you are feeling assured to exit and benefit from the outside this winter! Winter is a gorgeous time to expertise a unique facet of nature and I hope you are feeling assured and impressed to get on the market.

Get extra recommendation for winter mountaineering in these posts:

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Learn our top winter hiking tips to keep you toasty and safe on cold winter hikes. Learn how to layer, pack warm gear, stay hydrated & more.Learn our top winter hiking tips to keep you toasty and safe on cold winter hikes. Learn how to layer, pack warm gear, stay hydrated & more.



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